Ottawa is appealing a court ruling that overturned a major refugee deal between Canada and the United States, Public Safety Minister Bill Blair said Friday. The RAC continues to call on the Canadian government to withdraw from the safe third country agreement. Shortly after its entry into force, the CCR participated in legal action against the designation of the United States as a safe third country. The Federal Court of Justice ruled that the United States is not a safe third country, but the decision was overturned on appeal for technical reasons (for more information, click here). In addition to meeting the exemption criteria under the agreement, applicants must meet all other eligibility criteria for immigration legislation for the country in which they apply for status. Although refugees entering Canada at official border crossings are generally returned to the United States, they would not be returned if they crossed at locations between designated ports of entry; In this case, their demands will be heard and many immigration experts see it as a loophole within the agreement.   As of February 2017, more and more refugees have begun to cross the Canadian border at locations other than official border checkpoints. To avoid the effects of the agreement, all refugees at a border crossing would be automatically repatriated to the United States, in accordance with the CAB provisions.  Since it is not illegal to cross the border outside a port of entry under the Immigration and Refugee Act or the rules associated with it, as long as the person immediately reports to a Canada Border Services Agency official and st.c.a. does not apply to rights outside a port of entry, these are persons who otherwise are not entitled to assert their rights after an irregular crossing.
Possible.  In some cases, these refugees have been amputated by frostbite and concerns have been expressed that some refugees may freeze to death while crossing the border.  The agreement was signed on December 5, 2002 in Washington, D.C. By Bertin Cété (Vice-Chief of Mission, Embassy of Canada) and Arthur E. Dewey (Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration, U.S. Department of State). Under the Third Country Nationals Security Agreement, which came into force in 2004, Canada and the United States recognize each other as safe places for potential refugees to seek refuge. Conventions on safe third-country nationals are not explicitly mentioned in the 1951 Refugee Convention or the 1967 Protocol on the Status of Refugees. Rather, their legitimacy derives from Article 31 of the 1951 Convention, which states that a refugee should not be punished for illegal entry into a country if he arrives directly from a country where he is threatened. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has itself warned against over-interpreting safe third country agreements, although it acknowledges that they may be acceptable in certain circumstances.
 Such ambiguities have prompted some Canadian legal experts to question the legality of the Canada-U.S. safe third country agreement.  Canada “continues to be actively engaged” with Washington in the refugee pact and ensures that the agreement reflects Canada`s commitment to its international obligations “while continuing to work on how we manage our shared border,” he added.